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2016, Volume 32, Number 1, Page(s) 054-056     
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DOI: 10.5146/tjpath.2013.01198
Concomitant Aspergillus Species Infection and Squamous Cell Carcinoma Diagnosed on Pap Smear
Prajwala GUPTA, Snigdha GOYAL, Manju KAUSHAL
Department of Pathology, PGIMER, Dr. RML Hospital, NEW DELHI, INDIA
Keywords: Aspergillus, Squamous cell carcinoma, Cervical smear

Concomitant infection with Aspergillus species and cervical squamous cell carcinoma in the female genital tract is a rare occurrence and attributed to the opportunistic nature of infection in the immunocompromised state due to the underlying malignancy. The contamination of smears with Aspergillus species should be excluded. The diagnosis of Aspergillus species infection along with squamous cell carcinoma was established on cervicovaginal pap smears in a 62-year-old female presented to gynecological clinic with complaints of stress urinary incontinence. Speculum examination revealed first-degree cervical descent. Smears showed features of squamous cell carcinoma along with fungal spores and fruiting body with hyphae of Aspergillus species. The presence of fruiting bodies and hyphae of Aspergillus species with coexisting squamous cell carcinoma is rare in routine pap smears. True infection needs to be distinguished from contamination by Aspergillus species. Early diagnosis can be established on routine cervicovaginal Pap smear examination.

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