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2022, Volume 38, Number 2, Page(s) 114-121     
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DOI: 10.5146/tjpath.2021.01557
GLUT-1 Expression in Breast Cancer
Oguzhan OKCU1, Bayram SEN2, Cigdem OZTURK1, Gulname FINDIK GUVENDI1, Recep BEDIR1
1Department of Pathology, Recep Tayyip Erdošan University Training and Research Hospital, RIZE, TURKEY
2Department of Biochemistry, Recep Tayyip Erdošan University Training and Research Hospital, RIZE, TURKEY
Keywords: Breast cancer, Immunohistochemistry, GLUT-1

Objective: Numerous studies have been conducted to predict the prognosis of breast cancers. The effect of glucose transporter protein 1 (GLUT-1), the main carrier protein responsible for glucose transport, was investigated in breast cancer patients.

Material and Method: 170 patients operated for breast carcinoma were included in this study. We analysed the prognostic significance of GLUT-1 immune-expression in 149 patients without neoadjuvant therapy, and in 21 patients with neoadjuvant therapy.

Results: GLUT-1 expression was correlated with poor prognostic factors such as estrogen receptor and progesterone receptor negativity, high Ki-67 proliferation index, and high histological and nuclear grade (p<0.001). GLUT-1 was expressed at a statistically higher rate in invasive ductal carcinomas, compared to invasive lobular carcinomas (p <0.001), and was expressed at a higher rate in luminal B, human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 and triple-negative molecular subtypes compared to luminal A subtype tumors (p <0.001). There was no statistically significant difference between GLUT-1 expression and presence of neoadjuvant therapy. Univariate survival analysis showed high GLUT1 expression was associated with low disease-free survival.

Conclusion: GLUT-1 expression was found to be associated with poor pathological prognostic factors in breast carcinoma patients. The results suggest that GLUT-1 expression can be considered as a prognostic marker in breast cancers, and it may be used as a target molecule in personalized treatment approaches.

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