SCImago Journal & Country Rank
This journal is a member of, and subscribes to the principles of, the Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE)
2011, Volume 27, Number 3, Page(s) 261-261
[ Abstract ] [ PDF ] [ Similar Articles ] [ E-Mail to Author ] [ E-Mail to Editor ]
DOI: 10.5146/tjpath.2011.01086
Hashimoto's Disease in a Bilateral Benign Cystic Ovarian Teratoma: A Case Report
Rupinderjeet KAUR, Jasbir SINGH, Anureet KAUR, Rimpi BANSAL, Satish SHARMA
Department of Pathology, Giansagar Medical College and Hospital, Banur, Dist Patiala, PUNJAB, INDIA
Keywords: Hashimoto thyroiditis, Teratoma, Mature, Dermoid, Ovary
Abstract
A wide array of tissues derived from all the three germinal layers is seen in ovarian teratomas. Among these, thyroid tissue is present in 10% cases of all mature cystic teratomas.

We report this case of Hashimoto's thyroiditis in a clinically euthyroid patient who tested positive for antithyroid peroxidase antibodies in spite of normal thyroid hormone profile.

While the histological features of several disorders of thyroid tissue may be discovered, Hashimoto's thyroiditis is extremely rare finding in ovarian teratomas.

Introduction
Mature teratomas, mostly cystic (dermoid cyst), account for approximately 30% of benign ovarian tumors, and are unilateral in 88%. Microscopically, tissues derived from all the three germinal layers may be found, the most common being epidermis, skin appendages and neural tissue. Thyroid tissue is present in 10% of cases1.

Thyroid tissue in ovarian teratoma may exhibit histological features of several disorders, like diffuse and nodular hyperplasia, chronic thyroiditis and carcinoma. The finding of Hashimoto's disease in a bilateral mature cystic teratoma is a very rare phenomenon, with few cases reported in literature till date2,3. We report this case for its rarity.

  • Top
  • Abstract
  • Introduction
  • Case Presentation
  • Disscussion
  • References
  • Case Presentation
    A woman, aged 42 years, complained of severe acute abdominal pain and vomiting. Radiological diagnosis revealed bilateral ovarian masses, for which an emergency laparotomy was performed and hysterectomy with bilateral oopherectomy was done. The specimen was sent for histopathological examination.

    Grossly, the uterus and cervix measured 10x7.5x6 cm. The left ovary measured 9x6x3.5 cm, which on cut section showed multiloculated cysts containing sebaceous material, tufts of hair and some solid areas. The right ovary measured 7x5x4cm. It was predominantly cystic containing sebum. A Rokitansky protuberance, having a tooth like structure was also seen.

    Serial sections from both ovaries showed a lining of keratinizing squamous epithelium with skin appendages. Neural tissue, respiratory epithelium, gastric epithelium, bone and smooth muscle were also present.

    One section from left ovary contained predominantly thyroid tissue, consisting of colloid filled follicles showing prominent Hurthle cell change. The peri-acinar tissues contained mature lymphocytes, lymphoid follicles with enlarged reactive centres. The appearances were consistent with the chronic lymphocytic thyroiditis of Hashimoto's disease. Lymphocytic infiltration was not seen in association with any of the other teratomatous elements.

    The thyroid hormone profile of the patient was normal. Antithyroid peroxidase antibodies were positive postoperatively.

  • Top
  • Abstract
  • Introduction
  • Case Presentation
  • Disscussion
  • References
  • Discussion
    Various tissues from all the three germinal layers are found in mature teratoma. Benign and malignant transformation can occur in any of these tissues. Thyroid tissue is present in 10% of cases which is usually normal looking or may show benign changes like hyperplasia or thyroiditis. Some cases of carcinoma and malignant lymphoma are also reported4.

    In ovarian teratoma, thyroiditis is an occasional finding and Hashimoto's thyroiditis is rare5. Caruso et al (1971) reviewed 305 teratomas of the ovary and discovered that thyroid tissue was present in only 20 cases (7%) and struma ovarii in two cases (0.7%). There is no mention of Hashimoto's disease in any of their cases2. In another study of 315 tertomas conducted by Watson, thyroid tissue was present in 17 cases and among these cases Hashimoto's disease was encountered only in one case, in which an immunological test for antithyroid antibodies was negative3. In our case, the patient's clinical and thyroid hormone profile was normal. Ultrasonographic examination was unremarkable. However our patient tested positive for antithyroid peroxidase antibodies. Hashimoto's disease has been reported in papillary carcinoma of the thyroid originating in a teratoma of the ovary6. Etiopathogenesis of such change in ectopic thyroid tissue is unclear. Watson attributes internal gynaecological manipulation and the possibility that some trauma, could initiate the formation of the ovarian Hashimoto's disease3. In our case no such history could be elicited.

    This paper reports a rare case of a patient with Hashimoto's thyroiditis in thyroid tissue in a bilateral mature cystic teratoma associated with positive specific antithyroid antibodies in the absence of symptoms and signs, due to thyroid disease.

  • Top
  • Abstract
  • Introduction
  • Case Presentation
  • Discussion
  • References
  • References

    1) Pantoja E, Noy MA, Axtmayer RW, Colon FE, Pelegrina I: Ovarian dermoids and their complications: comprehensive historical review. Obstet Gynecol Surv 1975, 30:1-20 [ PubMed ]

    2) Caruso PA, Marsh MR, Minkowitz S, Karten G: An intense clinicopathologic study of 305 teratomas of the ovary. Cancer 1971, 27:343-348 [ PubMed ]

    3) Watson AA: Histological Hashimoto's disease in a benign cystic ovarian teratoma. J Clin Path 1972, 25:240-242 [ PubMed ]

    4) Hasleton PS, Kelehan P, Wittaker JS, Burslem RW, Turner L: Benign and malignant struma ovarii . Arch Pathol Lab Med 1978, 102:180-184 [ PubMed ]

    5) Bonadio AG: Hashimoto's thyroiditis in “struma ovarii”. Case report and review of the literature. Minerva Endocrinol 2002, 27:49-52 [ PubMed ]

    6) Doldi N, Taccagni GL, Bassan M, Frigerio L, Mangili G, Jansen AM, Ferrari A: Hashimoto's disease in a papillary carcinoma of the thyroid originating in a teratoma of the ovary (malignant struma ovarii). Gynecol Endocrinol 1998, 12:41-42 [ PubMed ]

  • Top
  • Abstract
  • Introduction
  • Case Presentation
  • Discussion
  • References
  • [ Top ] [ Abstract ] [ PDF ] [ Similar Articles ] [ E-Mail to Author ] [ E-Mail to Editor ]